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|Philosophical Thesis||Type Identity
|Realism – Pain is real.||Yes||No|
|Materialism – Pain is neurophysiological.||Yes||Yes|
|Minimal Reductionism – Pain is nothing more than neurophysiological mechanism.||Yes||Yes|
|Identity – Pain is identical to a
|Naturalistic – Philosophies of pain are both metaphysical and scientific theories.||Yes||Yes|
|Theoretical – Metaphysical theories of pain can
be assessed according to their theoretical virtues (e.g., simplicity), and competing empirical predictions.
Polger, T. W. (2011). Are sensations still brain processes? Philosophical Psychology, 24(1), 1-21.